Tie rod ends will affect your wheel alignment when worn out as well as the ball joints and wear and tear on these items is safety critical. It is always important to check these items at regular service intervals.
The Suspension consists of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages connecting a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two making for a smoother ride. While you do get a smoother ride a balance needs to be found and Suspension systems must support both road holding/handling and ride quality, which are at odds with each other. The setting of suspensions involves finding the right compromise. It is important that the suspension keeps the road wheel in contact with the road surface as much as possible, because all the road or ground forces acting on the vehicle do so through the contact of the tires.. Usually the design of front and rear suspension of a car is different but new technology is making vast changes in this area.
Car began as self-propelled versions of horse-drawn vehicles. However, horse-drawn vehicles had been designed for relatively slow speeds, and their suspension was not well suited to the higher speeds that cars could obviously achieve.
The first workable spring-suspension required advanced metallurgical knowledge and skill, and only became possible with the advent of industrialization. The first patent for a spring-suspension vehicle; had two durable steel leaf springs on each side and the body of the carriage that were fixed directly to the springs which were attached to the axles.
Leaf springs have been around for a very long time in fact since the early Egyptians. Ancient military engineers used leaf springs in the form of bows. The use of leaf springs in catapults was later refined and made to work years later. Springs are not only made of metal but also a sturdy tree branch could be used as a spring, such as with a bow. Horse-drawn carriages and the Ford Model T used this system, and it is still used today in larger vehicles, mainly mounted in the rear suspension.
Leaf springs were the first modern suspension system and, along with advances in the construction of roads, heralded the single greatest improvement in road transport. The British steel springs were not well-suited for use on America's rough roads of the time, so the Abbot-Downing Company of Concord, New Hampshire re-introduced leather strap suspension, which gave a swinging motion instead of the jolting up and down of a spring suspension.
In 1901 Mors of Paris first fitted an automobile with shock absorbers, Finally shock absorbers , imagine doing high speed without shock absorbers. With the advantage of a damped suspension system vehicles started winning race events and it became obvious that handling was necessary. Coil springs first appeared on a production vehicle in 1906 in the Brush Runabout made by the Brush Motor Company. Today, coil springs are used in most cars especially on the front suspension.
Coil springs became the most popular and the most used suspension system on Cars but Leaf spring systems are still used extensively on Commercial vehicles.
Part of suspension systems are joints, such as Ball Joints or tie rod ends and also bushes that not only hold everything together but also create steering ability and extensive movement for the suspension. These items should be checked at regular service intervals as failure could be safety critical.
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